The success of Warner’s Safe Remedies in the United States encouraged Warner to expand his operation abroad. In 1883, the same year that he introduced his Rheumatic Cure and his Tippecanoe Bitters, he established offices in London and Toronto. Bottles from the Toronto office are often referred to as “3 Cities,” because they are embossed with the three then existing Warner offices: Rochester, NY, London, England and Toronto, Canada. Bottles from London are embossed with that city only.
Other foreign offices soon followed London and Toronto. In his book, Seeliger provides a list of Warner’s foreign offices and their approximate dates of operation:
Rochester, N.Y. 1879-1944
Toronto, Canada 1882-1939
London, England 1883-1930’s
Melbourne, Australia 1887-1915
Frankfurt, Germany 1887-1900
Kreuslingen, Switzerland 1891-1900
Dundein, New Zealand 1891-1900
Pressburg, Hungary 1888-1890
To my knowledge, no bottles have ever surfaced that bear the embossing “Kreuslingen”. Bottles from the Dundein office do not bear that city’s name, but rather are embossed “Melbourne, Aus., London, Eng., Toronto, Can., Rochester, N.Y. U.S.A.” and often referred to as “4-Cities.” Warner’s 1891 Almanac also listed an office in Rangoon, Burma, but as with Switzerland, I am aware of no bottles with that embossing. There is also evidence that Warner marketed his remedies in other countries such as France, Mexico and perhaps even South America.
The 1891 Almanac was not exaggerating when it boasted “Warner’s Safe Cure…..Belts the Globe.”
NOTE: In light of recent information provided by Wayne Harris in Australia, I have revised the closing date of the Toronto Office from the 1920’s to 1939. [10/2/08].